Celebrating the Love of Friends in a Loving World

Celebrating the Love of Friends in a Loving World
Red Roses for You, My Sweet Friends ... Total Love.

My Sweet Friends

My sweet friends,

We grow closer to each other;

When we interact together and share ideas;

The common faith that we share,

Binds our hearts in one accord.

For sweet friendships last a life time,

When built on mutual respect, humility and understanding;

Throughout each different season,

We find we are one in life.

Sweet friends are there through times of grief;

And times when hope is gone;

Always there with encouragement;

So we can carry on.

I thank the Lord for you,

My true and faithful friends;

To fondly speak with you, whether we agree or not,

On this, our beloved blog;

For sweet friends will stay, no matter what;

Giving support.

Together, our hearts and minds truly unite;

With the amazing love of sweet friends.

In the spirit of true friendship,

Best wishes, my sweet friends;

May the Lord bless you abundantly.

I remain, yours truly,

B.B. Bakampa.

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Monday, August 9, 2010

Is The Existence Of God A Reality Or Fiction?

By Bakampa Brian Baryaguma
bsaint3@gmail.com


[Note for the reader: This is an abridged version of the earlier publication which many people complained that it was very long and requested that it be summarized for easy reading.}


Introduction

The existence of God is the most controversial topic in philosophy. Not even Jesus, who claimed to be God’s son, resolved this mystery.

There are three dominant schools of thought in this field: atheism, theism and deism.
The atheists believe there is no God. The theists believe that there exists one God, creator and ruler of the universe. The deists simply believe in the existence of a “Divine Being”.

Theists and deists have something in common i.e. the belief in a supernatural being, although one thing distinguishes them. Whereas the deists don’t accept revelation, the theists accept it. Revelation refers to religious dogma. Dogma itself is a belief or system of beliefs put forward by some authority (especially the Church) to be accepted as true without question.

I decided to look up and study some available literature on this subject, concentrating on what I considered to be the leading opinions. Therefore, I read Saint Thomas Aquinas’ essay, The Existence of God and Emma Goldman’s The Philosophy of Atheism.

The philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas

St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274), states that God’s existence can be proved in five ways:-

The first and more manifest way is the argument from motion. He notes that in the world, some things are in motion. In his opinion, there is a first mover that moves other things towards itself who is God.

That the second way is from the nature of efficient cause. He says that in the world of sensible things, something causes the behaviour and existence of others; and he believes this is God.

The third way concerns possibility and necessity. That all things are rendered possible or impossible, by the power of a certain being that precedes everything else whose prior existence is necessary. He calls this being, God.

The fourth way is found in the gradation of things. That there is a “maximum” being of all beings, which is responsible for the perfection of others, which is none other than God.

“The fifth way is taken from the governance of the world,” he says. That things lacking knowledge act for an end, to obtain the best result; which they acquire not by chance but by design. Therefore, “some intelligent being exists by whom all natural things are directed to their end; and this being we call God.”

The philosophy of Emma Goldman

In contrast, Emma Goldman disbelieves the existence of God, calling it speculation.
That God is a mere idea whose conception “originated in fear and curiosity” of primitive man, unable to understand and harassed by the phenomena of nature.

He says that, “All religions, with their gods, their demi-gods, and their prophets, their messiahs and their saints, were created by the prejudiced fancy of men who had not attained the full development and full possession of their faculties.”

While accusing theism of being “static and fixed” he praises atheism as being an expression of the “expansion and growth of the human mind.” He thinks that “Mankind has been punished long and heavily for having created its gods; nothing but pain and persecution have been man's lot since gods began.”

In conclusion, Emma Goldman, states confidently that, “Atheism in its negation of gods is at the same time the strongest affirmation of man, and through man, the eternal yea to life, purpose, and beauty.”

My philosophy

I believe there is a supernatural being that controls and is responsible for whatever happens on earth. The name could be debatable but certainly not its existence. It could be “God”, “Divine Being”, “Almighty”, “Most High” or St. Thomas Aquinas’ “first cause”, “first mover”; or even Emma’s “Great Beyond.” Anything. Look no further than the physical environment around us and you will understand what I am saying.

Take a critical look at say, the rivers, mountains, plants, animals, people and so on. Then consider their behaviour and relationship with one another. I tell you, it’s all too wonderful to be “the product of chaotic forces operating through aeons of time” as advanced by Emma Goldman.

A good observer gets the impression that it’s the product of the careful design of, in Goldman’s words, “a creative fiat by some divine intelligence,” guiding everything “into order and beauty.” Consider, for example, the great river Nile; ever since its discovery, it’s known to flow northwards to Egypt and never vice versa.

Or take man, for another example. We all know that it’s our destiny to die sometime; but who knows when? NOBODY! There must be someone out there, determining our fate, just like we determine that of so many other animals and fowls we rear in our homes without their knowledge and consent.