Celebrating the Love of Friends in a Loving World

Celebrating the Love of Friends in a Loving World
Red Roses for You, My Sweet Friends ... Total Love.

My Sweet Friends

My sweet friends,

We grow closer to each other;

When we interact together and share ideas;

The common faith that we share,

Binds our hearts in one accord.

For sweet friendships last a life time,

When built on mutual respect, humility and understanding;

Throughout each different season,

We find we are one in life.

Sweet friends are there through times of grief;

And times when hope is gone;

Always there with encouragement;

So we can carry on.

I thank the Lord for you,

My true and faithful friends;

To fondly speak with you, whether we agree or not,

On this, our beloved blog;

For sweet friends will stay, no matter what;

Giving support.

Together, our hearts and minds truly unite;

With the amazing love of sweet friends.

In the spirit of true friendship,

Best wishes, my sweet friends;

May the Lord bless you abundantly.

I remain, yours truly,

B.B. Bakampa.

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Monday, August 12, 2013

WRITTEN STATEMENT BY LDC BAR COURSE STUDENTS, 2012/13, TO THE PRIME MINISTER OF BUGANDA KINGDOM






A WRITTEN STATEMENT


BY


LDC BAR COURSE STUDENTS 2012/13


PRESENTED TO


OWEK. CHARLES PETER MAYIGA
KATIKKIRO OF BUGANDA


ON THEIR OFFICIAL VISIT TO THE KATIKKIRO


AT


BULANGE-MENGO


THURSDAY, AUGUST 1, 2013


 




INTRODUCTION

1.      Owek. Charles Peter Mayiga
(Katikkiro of the Kingdom of Buganda)
2.      Owek. David Frederick Kisitu Mpanga
(Attorney General and Minister of Local Governments in the Kabaka’s Government)
3.      Ministers and Officials in the Kabaka’s Government
4.      Ladies and gentlemen

We are very delighted and honoured that despite your busy schedule, you have gladly accepted to meet us today in your Office. It has given us so much joy to interact with you— a person we identify with in the legal profession and an alumnus of the Law Development Centre (LDC). It has not been a walkover to strike an appointment with you and therefore, we do not take this much sought for opportunity for granted.

In the same vein, kindly accept our sincere gratitude to you for sacrificing your life and limb to serve His Majesty Ssabasajja Kabaka Ronald Frederick Kimera Muwenda Mutebi II, his subjects (the people of Buganda) and all Ugandans over the years in different capacities.

We wish also to officially congratulate you upon your new appointment as Katikkiro — the second highest office in the Kingdom of Buganda together with all the new Ministers and Members of the Lukiiko. At the same time, we are grateful to Ssabasajja Kabaka for entrusting you with this new responsibility. It is our hope and faith that you will serve faithfully and diligently both the Kingdom and your country Uganda. We will uphold you in our prayers so that the Almighty God grants you wisdom, vision, good health, strength and grace to accomplish this uphill task.

 PURPOSE OF THE VISIT

The key reason why we are here is to present to you our humble views regarding the state of affairs, specifically in Buganda and generally in Uganda. The other reasons include—
  1. making a formal monetary contribution towards the reconstruction of the Kasubi Royal Tombs (a UNESCO World Heritage Site) which was burnt down on March 16, 2010;
  2. buying Certificates to support the development projects within the Kingdom;
  3. discussing our views with you; and
  4. having a mini tour of the Bulange Building (the Kingdom’s Administrative Seat).

 OUR VIEWS

Owek. Katikkiro, our views will centre on some of the cultural, political, economic and social issues in our community. We are sure beyond a reasonable doubt that you are well aware of these issues and that the leadership here is continuously devising strategies of how to deal with them. How we pray that you consider our perspectives as well modeled around the five (5) Core Goals of Buganda (Esonga za Buganda Ssemasonga).

  1. The Relevance of Traditional Cultural Institutions in a Modern Uganda
 During private debates, many of our contemporaries especially those from outside Buganda (some of whom are here) often challenge us in the following terms: “Do you really think kingdoms and other traditional cultural institutions are still relevant in Uganda?” “Don’t you think Obote was a nationalist when he attacked and abolished them in 1966 and 1967 respectively?” “Why does the Kabaka attend soccer tournaments instead of engaging in more meaningful activities?”

These questions can easily irk someone who believes in the importance of traditional cultural institutions and consequently debate with a lot of passion and/or anger than reason and logic. Some of us have answered these questions with questions as well, for example: “What do you think constitutes Uganda?” “Don’t you think a nationalist would strive to protect, promote and respect the symbols of our cultural heritage and identity as Ugandans rather than attack, destroy and abolish them?” “Did you know that over the years about 70% of the Uganda Cranes National Team were spotted in either Bika (Clan) or Masaza (County) Football Tournaments?” or “Have you easily forgotten that the Queen Elizabeth II opened the London 2012 Olympic Games?”

We have had to remind them, using particularly Buganda as a case study, about the efforts to promote good values of honesty, hard work, transparency, egalitarianism, respect embedded in our cultural norms and practices; the efforts to improve the health standards through building well equipped health facilities, immunization and other health campaigns; the efforts to improve the standards of living by encouraging people to save, have planned families and live in planned settlements; the efforts to educate and equip skills to all young people through building schools and institutions of higher learning, offering bursaries and encouraging vocational training; efforts to unite Ugandans by encouraging full appreciation and respect of each other’s cultural values, religious and political beliefs; efforts to ensure national development by demanding equitable sharing of national resources, accountability, and by spearheading various development projects; and efforts to nurture talent among children and our youth through organizing annual school, clan and county tournaments inter alia.

However, be that as it may, we would like the leadership here to be more relevant to all the people of Buganda and Uganda in the context of our profession. Many of our people need jobs, legal representation and assistance so as to have steady incomes and protect their interests and rights in land, to exercise their fundamental human rights and other freedoms, to start commercial projects, to resolve disputes, to write Wills, to protect cultural property, and to access bail or police bond inter alia; yet the legal services offered are not affordable or the free legal aid services are still far away from them. We therefore propose that your leadership creates a data bank and form all legal professionals within Buganda into an non-governmental organisation that will provide free legal services and employment opportunities to our people in a timely and efficient manner. And, may the same be adopted for all other professions in order to bring services and employment closer to our people. This way, the people will attach more value to the Institution.

  1. Sharing Political Power Under A Federal System Of Governance
 In Uganda, Federo has come to mean different things to different people. Some of the confusion is as a result of a failure to appreciate different political systems suitable for particular countries especially by the anti-federalists. Richard Laming wrote—
“The most important aspect of a federal system is that it recognizes that there are different types of political issues, which need different types of institutions to deal with them. Some affect only local areas, others are more widespread in their scope. The institutions of government should reflect this. The idea that government should be based solely on central institutions is old fashioned and out of date.”[1]

Currently, republicanism/unitarism was imposed on Ugandans. Republicanism has been translated in Luganda to mean “enkola ey’ekipooli”. “Ekipooli” is thick peanut paste/butter. If one dares to mix it with many other foods and soups, they ought to have earlier on prepared adequately for its adverse effects i.e. a stomach upset followed by a running stomach! Now, Uganda is a composition of over sixty (60) ethnic groups forced to come together by British imperialism and colonialism. These groups have different history, different cultures, norms, practices, and different interests inter alia. Certainly, forcing them under one political system i.e. republicanism is to knowingly cause a political stomach upset followed by a running stomach.

However, it is also true that part of the misunderstanding about the meaning of federal governance is fanned by some self-seeking politicians who have little zeal to study the history of the country. Here are a few illustrations of what this system of governance means to a majority of people, irrespective of their education, age, responsibility, influence inter alia.

Some think, it is the rule of the Kabaka of Buganda over all citizens of Uganda[2]; or the return of lost glory of Buganda Kingdom to the Baganda, thus humiliating all others; or expulsion of non-Baganda from Buganda; or Buganda’s autonomy from the State of Uganda, in form of a confederation. Others think, federalism means the supremacy of Kingdoms and Chiefdoms (or return of feudalism in general); and the return of “Ebyaffe”- the traditional status quo, which is conceived to divide the haves and the have-nots.

For loyal partyists, Federo is a political party with which they do not want to be associated with. For the misguided and misguiding politicians, Federo is tribalism and exploitation of certain peoples. For the staunch Movementists, Federo is anti-Movement (NRM) and thus anti-Government, which automatically leads to anti-Museveni (a treasonable act). And for the die-hard republicans, it is going back to ancient (medieval) times. Some of the attitudes are captured in Kate Sebag’s words in a newspaper article, a fortnight before the coronation of Kabaka Mutebi II:
“…some Ugandans fear that the re-establishment of the monarchy will exacerbate tribal tensions and encourage a secessionist movement.”[3]

However, none of the above attitude is true about Federo in modern times because, the system is meant to delimit the powers of the central government on the regions; and that of the kings and chiefs on the whole country. Federalism is not meant to put Buganda and her people above others, nor is it meant to exploit Buganda Kingdom and the Baganda.

In our view, federalism by its nature is an attempt by peoples who have different points of view and differing expectations to find a way of forming a workable union. A federal system advocates for Uganda to federate as a country with multiple autonomous Regions. Each of these regions must have the same amount of autonomy toward the federal government in managing its affairs. The regions must be put under equal footing in their interaction with the federal government. No special treatment ought to be granted to any region in any way. This interaction between the two levels must be agreed upon in the federal contract, the Uganda Constitution. It is envisioned to conduct agreement in a negotiated manner. Federo promotes negotiation as the best form of discussion between equals.

However, it can be well understood if families are sensitized first and also encouraged to practice it at that level whereby; the husband cedes some power to his wife to manage the affairs of the home and only come in to advise or support or reconcile. Likewise, the children in the home should each be allowed supervise a particular task in the home to ensure that it is well done without undue regard to age, but with due respect. This way, children will be accountable to their mother—who will also be accountable to her husband—who as well will be accountable to the whole family. If the basic unit of society internalizes this concept, work would be easier at the other levels i.e. — at the village (ekyalo), at the parish (omuluka), at the sub-county (gombolola), at the county (essaza), and at the national level. We believe that this is a more practical and sure way to sensitize people about power sharing under a federo arrangement. They ought to claim something they practice.

  1. Restitution and Maintenance of all Kingdom Properties
The new Lukiiko has been appointed at a time when the struggle for the return of all the remaining cultural assets and properties is ongoing. Ping pong games, however, seem to characterize this struggle. It has also been appointed at time when major cultural installations have either been destroyed or they are in a dilapidated state and the official Inquiry Reports have not been releases or we are waiting for the wealthy to repair and maintain these installations.

You are well aware, Owek. Katikkiro, that the restoration of some of the traditional cultural institutions came with the restitution of some of their assets and properties. In Buganda, these assets and properties form part of the Ebyaffe concept. The restitution of cultural assets and properties was aided by two laws: The Constitution (Amendment) Statute, 1993; and The Traditional Rulers (Restitution of Assets and Properties) Statute, 1993. Article 118 (4)[4] of the 1967 Constitution made it possible for the State to confiscate the assets and properties of these institutions. The Constitutional (Amendment) Statute repealed Article 118 by replacing it with Article 118A by stating that:
“The Legislature may make provision for the return to Traditional Rulers of any assets or properties previously owned by them or connected with or attached to their offices and which were confiscated to the State under or by virtue of Article 118 of this Constitution as it existed immediately before coming into force of this Article.”

This new Article gave legal authority to the Traditional Rulers (Restitution of Assets and Properties) Statute. The Schedule to the Statute made mention of only those properties that were considered to be major ones in the case of Buganda.[5] The Statute also amended the Public Lands Act[6] that previously divested the Kings’ or Rulers’ or Constitutional Heads’ proprietary rights and in the same vein directed the Registrar of Titles to effectuate the requisite transfers. The Preamble to the Statute thus ran:
“A Statute to give effect to Article 118A of the Constitution and to restore the Traditional Rulers’ assets and properties previously owned by them or connected with or attached to their offices but which were confiscated by the State; and to make other provisions relating or incidental to, or consequential upon the foregoing.”

However, this wonderful spirit has not extended to the return of the remaining assets and properties of the said institutions. Instead, hide and seek games have been preferred by the powers that be in form of unending negotiations on what rightly belongs to the institution.

It is our humble views that as the struggle continues, let us encourage our people to continue to support the various Kingdom development projects and jealously protect them. We have to move forward. Whatever belongs to the institution will return to it notwithstanding how long it takes. On this note, we are very grateful to Ssabasajja Kabaka for spearheading various development programs that are of benefit to all Ugandans in various sectors— health, education, business, tourism, culture, leadership inter alia. Our hope is that we can do better.

 Hard work

Prior to your appointment as Katikkiro, you have been calling upon all the youth in Buganda and Uganda on radio, television, newspapers among others  to work hard in order to sustain their families, contribute to the social, political and economic development of their country, as well as ensuring their survival especially during old age. You have discouraged them from wasting time as well as involving themselves in criminal activities such as theft, robbery and murder. You have also discouraged them from engaging in economically non-viable activities such as “Abanoonya”, sports betting, lottery and other games of chance. You have instead encouraged them to acquire skills, become creative and to serve diligently where they are placed. We applaud you for these great sensitization efforts geared toward changing the negative work attitudes of our people and in effect transform our society.

Since the Office of the Katikkiro attracts both local and international opportunities, and since many a youth identify with you; it is our humble prayer that you help us partner with both local and international development partners to equip the youth with the necessary skills through training and education as well as exposure in the areas of technology, health, leadership, social development, enterprise, tourism, management. It is our hope that little difficulty will be encountered in organizing them since the majority are members of the various youth associations, for instance, Baganda Nkobazambogo, Ssuubi lya Buganda, BANGAWA to mention but a few.

  1. Unity
Owek. Katikkiro, there is no need to pretend that Uganda is already united under the current unitary system; it is rather better to negotiate and plan that desired unity. As you are well aware, Ugandans are divided along tribal, religious and political convictions. And many of our leaders have intentionally fanned this divisionism for their own selfish interests, for example, through creating “counterfeit” kingdoms/chiefdoms within well established Kingdoms. It is our humble view that, to achieve the desired national unity it must stem, firstly, from the appreciation, promotion and protection of the unique cultural heritage of Ugandan Societies; and secondly, from a fuller realization of our identity at the national level.

While enumerating the functions of the SSC[7] to journalists in February 1992, the Rev. Dan K. Kajumba, SSC’s Secretary General emphasized the above attitude with specific reference to Buganda when he stated:
“There are some functions of the Council upon which we wish to lay extra emphasis. It is the considered opinion of the Ssaabataka’s Supreme Council that promotion of Buganda’s cultural heritage leads to a fuller realization of our identity- at [the] national level. Uganda is a conglomeration of numerous nationalities and if each nationality’s cultural values are fully appreciated for what they are it will lead us to a sense of respect for one another… unity in the country starts from our locality- the district and the region… The essence of unity is in the realization that although Uganda is one country with generally a common destiny, we cannot pretend to forget who [we] are or where [we] come from...”[8]

Further, Ssekabaka Edward Frederick Muteesa II wrote in his book on the same theme thus:
I have never been able to pin down precisely the difference between a tribe and a nation and see why one is thought so despicable and the other so admired. Whichever we are, the Baganda have a common language, tradition, history and cast of mind. We are proud of them, but not to such an extent that we cannot be friends with- marry if we wish- other people. It is thought possible for a Scot to be a good British citizen and remain Scottish. In the same way, surely we can be good citizens of Uganda while remaining loyal Baganda. …”[9]

Therefore, we are recommending two (2) practical and handy approaches—

(a)   Forging alliances; Buganda can effectively advance its interests by forging alliances with other ethnic groups. After after forging a multi-ethnic alliance, Uganda’s biggest ethnic group would then use its influence to assume the political leadership of the country. Prof. Mahmood Mamdani is quoted to have said:
“Today, the situation is ripe for a national alliance between all those who are determined to resist the politics of fragmentation, regardless of political party, or region. This alliance needs to be based on two recognitions: first, the demand for federalism is today the forefront of that resistance; second, this demand needs to be articulated in an inclusive manner, as indeed it was in the Luweero Triangle.

Can Buganda move beyond the politics of victimhood, beyond always thinking of itself as a potential victim, to exercising leadership, thereby representing all victims, by turning its own particular experience into a source of general lessons, and incorporating its own particular grievance into a more general demand?”[10]

(b)   Embracing cultural diversity; by embracing and promoting cultural diversity, your leadership will promote tolerance and pluralism, thereby providing an interlocking mechanism against ethnic conflict and political upheaval. By boldly reclaiming the African foundation of the state and governance, through its embrace of cultural diversity, we will create the conditions for an authentic, sustainable African democracy—not the current peon to European liberalism that has dismally failed the African Continent.[11] Consequently, the current mistrust, hatred and tensions between Uganda’s different ethnic groups would be dealt with appropriately.

CONCLUSION

In closing, we wish to ounce again thank you for this wonderful opportunity. It is our prayer that our resources and potential will be tapped to foster development in both the Kingdom of Buganda and our country Uganda. We wish you happy celebrations of the 20th Coronation Anniversary of Kabaka Mutebi II.

Ssabasajja Kabaka Awangaale!!

 
Presented on behalf of the LDC Bar Course Students 2012/13 this _____day of August 2013 by;

  1. Jonathan Mwesigwa Sekiziivu (Coordinator)         _______________________

  1. Richard Kisuze (Asst. Coordinator)                         _______________________

  1. Eva Nabadda (Secretary)                                          _______________________

  1. Joseph Sevume Semaya (Publicity Secretary            )           _______________________

  1. Lawrence Mukiibi (Treasurer)                                  _______________________

  1. George Muwonge (Advisor)                                     _______________________

  1. Tonny Raymond Kirabira (Advisor)                                    _______________________


                                                                                                 



[1] In his Article: What Federal Government Is, Federal Union, 1940.

[2] This was once the case under the 1962 Constitution because upon independence, Maj. Gen. Edward Frederick William Mutebi Luwangula Walugembe Muteesa II was both Kabaka of Buganda and President of Uganda.

[3] The Guardian Newspaper, 17 July, 1993. See Mayiga, C.P., King on the Throne: A Story of the Restoration of the Kingdom of Buganda, Prime Time Communications, Kampala, 2009, p.260.

[4] Notwithstanding any provision of this Constitution, Parliament may make provision for the devolution of any property held by any person to whom clause (1) of this article applies by virtue of his office or by any other person or authority, being property connected with or attaching to the institution of King, Ruler or Constitutional Head.

[5] Bulange, the Lubiri (Palace) at Mengo, Butikkiro, Buganda Courts Building (formerly housing the Supreme Court), Kabaka’s official 350 sq. miles of land, Namasole’s 10 sq. miles of land, Bannalinya’s land, Kabaka’s Lake, Omulamuzi and Omuwanika’s official residences, land adjacent to Lubiri on which three Buganda Ministerial houses used to stand, all Bassekabaka’s Tombs, Buganda Works Building, Basiima House, and Nnaalinya’s House.

[6] Now repealed.

[7] On 19th June, 1991 SSC was appointed and confirmed by Ssaabataka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi as the first Lukiiko under his reign. To avoid legal complications, this first Lukiiko was named the “Ssaabataka’s Supreme Council” because the “Buganda Lukiiko” as it ought to have been outlawed under the 1967 Constitution, which at that time was still the supreme law of the land.

[8] Secretary General’s Report, Ssaabataka’s Supreme Council, 1992, Kampala.

[9] Muteesa, E., The Desecration of My Kingdom, Constable & Company Ltd., 1967.

[10] Mamdani made the remarks while presenting a key note address at the third annual Abu Mayanja Memorial Lecture at Serena Conference Hall on Friday, August 7. See Buganda Should Fight On, says Prof. Mamdani, News Article by Edris Kiggundu, Monday, 10 August 2009 10:38.

[11] Ochoro E. Otunnu, The Theoretical Background for Federalism: A Necessary Precondition for Democracy in Uganda, First Conference, The Uganda Federal Agenda, 2008, pp. 56-57.